I had an opportunity to be in New York on 22nd April when Paris Climate Agreement was opened for the signature by the world leaders. Knowing it is Earth Day, I decided to participate in “Down to Earth” event in my village.
Indeed, I thought, accelerated implementation of the Paris agreement and raising the bar-to take Green House Gas (GHG) reduction targets to much higher heights -is so crucial for existence of life on the Earth. At the same time, I thought that walking the talk, at individual way, is more important.
On that international Earth day- I travelled to my native town of population 25,000 to join my friends for get going on the implementation of climate agreement albeit in very small way.
We cleaned the dirty, stagnated and plastic-full rivulet flowing at the entrance of the town . The rivulet was once source of water to the town but in era of ‘modern development’ it was conveniently transformed into dumping ground for the waste generated by the town. Garbage flows there in place of water. It is the horrific scene of stagnated dirty water bodies-full of plastic garbage-that affects the health of the people and animals. We cleaned it and dug pits on the banks of the rivulet for the trees to be planted when the rains would start.
Another project we launched was sale of Organic agricultural products, for the first time in the town. It was great surprise to watch people buying the organic products even at higher price. People of my town have started realising that health and sustainability are more important than the price they pay for unsustainable practices. We decided to continue the sales-outlet every week during bazar-day.
But what organic farming and cleaning the rivulet have to do with Climate Change?
Organic farming affordably captures carbon from the air and effectively stores it in the soil in high levels for long-periods. It reduces greenhouse gas emissions arising from excessive use of man-made fertilizers that emit nitrous oxide which is 300 times more potent green house gas than carbon dioxide.
Cleaning the rivulet would make the stagnant water flow again. Removing decomposing rubbish in stagnant water would stop the emission of methane –a GHG that has Global Warming Potential
( GWP) higher than carbon-dioxide. Planting the trees would create a sink that would absorb the carbon-dioxide.
More than just a voluntary work on the Earth day, we had started, in tiny way, the implementation of Paris Climate Deal. That was rural people’s signature on the Agreement! . END
By Rajendra Shende, TERRE Policy Centre
Melinda Gates in her brilliant annual letter jointly written with Bill Gates makes timely and most relevant propositions.Think non-linear. (more…)
Learning to compete and conserve on-line. TERRE’s new initiative. (more…)
Women have a crucial role in everyone’s life especially in childhood as being the first person teaching us the basics about the life. (more…)
5000 years back Indian poet narrated a story that relates to environmental protection and cloud networking. (more…)
When Shanti Tekam, a woman from a remote MP village, walked on to the stage on 13 September night to receive 2015 Earth Care Award ( ECA) on behalf of her community, for saving forest of her neighbourhood, she represented disruptive innovations for Global Climate conundrum. (more…)
‘THE BEST TIME TO PLANT A TREE WAS 20 YEARS AGO. THE NEXT BEST TIME IS TODAY.’ And if such plantation is done in the middle of urban center like growing city of Pune, this Chinese proverb inspires to act. TERRE policy centre did just that. It launched Urban Forestry Programme by undertaking tree plantation programme on the occasion of World Environment Day of 2015.
In association with Ministry of Environment, Forest, Climate Change (MOEFCC) of India and TATA Motors , TERRE on World Environment Day planted 4000 trees at SmritiVan ( A Forest of Memories) located at the helmet in the heart of city of Pune. Hon’ble Minister Prakash Javadekar, launched the project by planting a tree in presence of thousands of enthusiastic urbanites.
For the first time in the history, according to UN report, half of the world population already live in the cities and by 2050 it will be 70 percent. “Forest lands in urban areas need to be converted into green cover with public participation” said Mr. Javadekar. Earlier, Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi in New Delhi launched the nation wide ‘Urban Forestry’ project. Urban forest lands in the cities in India will be converted into forest land under the project . Maharashtra State forest minister Mr. Mungantiwar also urged people to take the initiative to plant & grow more trees to help ourselves.
“ Urban forests will be the essential lungs of the cities and would provide wide range of ecosystem services like clean the air and water, temper floods, provide water and food, and conserve biodiversity”, stated Rajendra Shende , Chairman of TERRE.” The breadth of ecosystem services provided by nature is often undervalued if we consider reduction in noise noise , increase physical and psychological wellbeing, regulate the local climate, sequester CO2, and provide renewable energy”, he added. TERRE Policy Centre urged people to be a part of the mission by planting trees in memory of their beloved.
The site of Smritivan at Warje, Pune is the land under forest department. The total land of 60 Hectors is now reduced to only 16 hectors due to encroachment . The hill which was barren, now has been flourishing with trees. The 1st stage of plantation was done on Jan 2015 and 2nd stage included plantation on 6th June.
Urban forestry is the aggregation of all vegetation and green spaces within urban areas. The main aim of the urban forestry is to provide recreation to the urban people, to decrease the pollution hazard in urban environment and to create the awareness about the nature & environment. It includes multi managerial system such as watershed management, landscape designing, urban park, industrial shelter bed, urban composites and wilderness trial.
Due to industries, vehicles, urban environment is highly polluted. The tree cover in urban acts as the carbon sink which absorbs greenhouse gases like CO2 and many other industrial effluents. Apart from this urban green cover helps to prevent soil erosion, help ground water recharge and augment water conservation, decrease temperature, improve air quality.
Along with environmental benefits, urban forestry also social benefits . Urban forestry provides employments to local people. It supports livestock, augments human nutrition. Urban forestry reduces the adverse impacts of pollution on human health physically & mentally, ultimately it helps improving the human working capacity. END
While Finance Minister in New Delhi presents India’s finance budget by end of February every year, the real finance minister who is also minister of oceans, skies and soil, starts presenting its budget some time in June every year. (more…)
Most of the international days are first declared in United Nations General Assembly. Earth Day of 22 April , is however, one of those days that have emerged through ‘United Peoples’ global assembly. (more…)
Switching-on lights in your room would affect the life of tribal-women far away. Export of sugar is not only sweet trade. It is also trade in fresh water. (more…)
Youth are the representatives of our common future. Listening to them is the seminal need of today. TERRE Launched new Initiative in partnership with educational institutes. (more…)
21 Industry Leaders including ITC, HPCL, Kirloskar Oil Engines, Schneider Electric and ITC Windsor felicitated at the Parivartan Sustainability Leadership Awards 2014
TERRE and Sanskriti organized Environmental Film Festival. Interesting article by Prasun Sonwalkar of Hindustan Times
London International Environmental Film Festival .
Hosted by multi-location TERRE Policy Centre who is partner with United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and London-based Sanskruti Centre. The Venue is Digital Theatre, London.12-13 September 2014. The event is supported by Earth Care Award of JSW Foundation.
Hon Prakash Jawadekar, Minsiter of Environment, Forest and Climate Change and Information and Broadcasting would speak via video in inauguration.
Baroness Verma, Parliamentary Under-Secretary will render the inaugural address on 12th September for State and junior Minister for Energy and Climate Change. Eminent speakers Sally Case, Chief Executive of David Shepherd Wildlife Foundation and Rajendra Shende, former Director of United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP) will also be speaking on the occasion. Films ranging about 5-14 minutes each in duration and connected to the Environment and impact of Climate Change on communities, biodiversity and culture will be screened. Films include Melting of Himalayas, Leopards in the Lurch, the Silenced Witness, The Last Dance etc. by acclaimed directors like Kalpana Subrahmanian, Ashima Narain, Gurmeet Sapal and Sonya Kapoor.
Guests (on both days) must be present by 5.30 pm. Drinks/light snacks are available.
Please RSVP firstname.lastname@example.org
Ragasudha Vinjamuri , Academic Tutor, University of Sunderland, Fellow, Royal Society of Arts, Director, Sanskruti Centre for Cultural Excellence
“Don’t tell me the sky’s the limit when there are footprints on the moon”- ― Paul Brandt
“ Improving the bio-mass based cook stoves used by more than 2 billion bottom-of-the-pyramid people globally is not a merely technology issue. It needs human face”, said Rajendra Shende Chairman of TERRE, India (more…)
- ASHRAE -Pune Chapter, IGSD , TERRE, and other organizations, interacted and agreed to continue dialogue with RAMA, BEE, Government of India on Energy Efficiencies , TEWI/LCCP for the alternatives for RAC and MAC.
Team Shunya from IIT Bombay has been selected for Solar Decathlon Europe 2014 in France, where the students will build the solar house for the Indian middle class.TERRE is knowledge partner. (more…)
Rajendra Shende, Chairman TERRE Policy Centre was in the Steering Committee of the project of preparing a report which analyses the sources of N2O, its quantities, future projections and ways to reduce its emissions, its cost and benefits. (more…)
Though they have defined boundaries, World Heritage sites are very much a part of the communities in which they are located. As such, they provide rich opportunities to develop and promote effective models for integrating compatible human uses with the protection of ecosystem functions and biodiversity.
World Heritage sites have the potential to show- case the effective integration of sustainable local development with conservation by demonstrating how conservation can contribute to local and national economic development, culture, and pride.
TERRE Policy Centre has undertaken to work in the Western Ghats of India in its northern cluster to demonstrate that without development conservation is not possible and sustained conservation needs sustainable development of local communities. READ Updated Report Card as of June 2013.
Small Progress with Big Prospects
World Natural Heritage Kaas Plateau
Within a space of less than one year, a small and symbolic progress made by the local community around Kaas Plateau –one of the 39 sites in the Western Ghats of India that is inscribed by UNESCO as World Natural Heritage- goes on to support the doctrine that Heritage sites can be leveraged for the sustainable development of the local com m unities.
UNESCO during the 40th Anniversary of the World Heritage Convention in 2012 targeted communication campaign, with a focus on World Heritage linked to the Sustainable Development and the Role of Local Communities.
TERRE Policy Centre along with RANWATA and the local community took the challenge in association with the local forest officers to make a small beginning towards leveraging the Heritage site for sustainable development. We strongly believe that sustainably developed community can conserve the nature in sustainable way.
What follows in this brief report is glimpse of these hopes.
Kaas Plateau, at the Northern end of the Western Ghats of India, at the height of 1500 meters is the nature’s wonder. It blooms with extraordinary variety of 450 species of colorful wild flowers annually. (more…)
A project conceived in Africa, a land that conceived the humanity
Like many inventions, the origin of SolarChill was happenstance. Serendipity is the word!
During the International Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol in 2000 in Ouagadougou, some delegates participated in a field visit that took them through the Burkina Faso countryside. While watching rural villages pass by their bus window, I , as the representative of United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the representative of Greenpeace, Janos mate , noticed that the communities there are financially poor but rich in two key elements: children- the wealth of the country, and sunlight, a limitless energy source if it could be tapped.
The activity that I started with WHO ( World Health Organization) , for replacing the CFCs in the vaccine refrigerators by non-CFCs was quite fresh in my mind. Such replacement was essential as CFCs would be eventually be phased out as per the requirements of the Montreal Protocol.
Looking out of the bus window at the children of the rural poor and thinking about their fragile health situation, it occurred to me that plenty of sunshine does not mean plenty of health. Some children, carrying their sick younger brothers and sisters, were looking at us as if we were from other planets. I thought that if we could develop a vaccine cooler that uses the solar energy so abundant in Burkina Faso and other developing countries, and if we develop vaccine cooler/refrigerator that uses the solar energy so abundantly available there, and non-CFC ( ozone friendly) , non-HFC (climate friendly ) refrigerants it will be environmentally perfect product . Such product, we will be able to reach to these and millions of the poor children and improve their health. I mentioned my thoughts to Janos .
I also said that it is not necessary to return to live in ‘caves’ to protect the environment as some may think. We can use modern technology like that of refrigerator with innovative techniques that are environment friendly, pro-poor, health-focus and pro-development at the same time.
Janos was very receptive, Greenpeace has been instrumental in spread of the Hydrocarbon refrigerators in the world. . he understood the importance of the idea that I mentioned to him.
What started as an idea became an investigation of possibilities and finally transformed into action through partnership. Thus was born SolarChill. Africa is the origin of humanity. So also that of SolarChill!
As we all know, the vaccination programmes of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) have been instrumental in saving millions of lives, particularly in developing countries. It is rightly known as one of the success stories in human history. The eradication of diseases like polio and smallpox would not have been possible without such vaccination programmes. The vaccine coolers used in such immunization programmes worked very inefficiently due to non-availability or inadequate supply of grid electricity. In cases where kerosene is used for the vaccine cooler, supply of kerosene was not satisfactory and it contributed to pollution and global warming. Use of Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) makes these coolers ozone depleting and use of alternatives to CFCs i.e. Hydroflurocarbons (HFCs) makes them global warming.
The SolarChill that we imagined had obvious advantages over the prevalent vaccine coolers.
We, UNEP and Greenpeace , decided to contact WHO and UNICEF, to explore the possibility of forming the partnership to develop such ‘dream’ vaccine cooler by forming the partnership. We were joined later by other partners in the private sector as well as technical institute i.e. Danish technical Institute who was toying with such idea for some time already.
Rest is the story of 6 years that included series of meetings of partners, assembly of the prototype, trials in the laboratory and in the field, monitoring of the results and mobilization of resources. Each partner leveraged its inherent comparative advantage in developing the technology. UNEP used its convening power to get the stakeholders over the common platform to start and facilitate the consultations through out the process.
The award is result of all that hard and collective work of the partners, the team of OzonAction in Paris that worked on the project and encouragement received from the Director of Paris office of UNEP.
The President of India , DR. A.P.J. ABDUL KALAM in 2005 invited me for a brief chat on OzonAction programme of UNEP DTIE, when he heard of the award OzonAction programme won for the ‘ Innovation and Leadership’ for assisting the developing countries to implement the Montreal Protocol. I took the opportunity to inform him about the partnership to develop the SolarChill technology. He was very keen and requested to keep him informed on the progress. The President could see the huge importance of SolarChill for the developing countries , particularly in saving the lives of the rural children and women who do not have access to the electricity and effective vaccines.
Later when all the partners of the SolarChill gathered at Paris office of UNEP DTIE after the field trials were successful and when the strategy for the deployment of the SolarChill technology was being discussed, it was felt that it is important to get SolarChill known to the world community. One of the ways to do this was to position the working models in the international meetings and at the visible places. Recalling my discussions with the President in 2005 and based on the wishes from the partners, I wrote to his office. The President’s office immediately informed that the President t is not only keen to install and operate two units in the clinic of the Presidential Complex ( around Rashtrapati Bhavan) but was very keen to buy these units and not to get them free.
Mr. Ashok Mangotra , Joint Secretary in the office of the President, himself an enthusiastic supporter of renewable energy, facilitated the whole process of installation.
The ceremony of handing over of the SolarChill by the partners to the President and handing over of the cheque by the President to the Partners took place place on 1st November 2005.
That was just part of journey of SolarChill. The development continues.
See: www.solarchill.org and