Developing Countries’ Negotiator in Vatican
Pope Francis has emerged as the most effective negotiator for the developing countries.
Pope Francis has emerged as the most effective negotiator and the leading diplomat for the developing countries.His encyclical also augurs well as possible game-changer in the climate talks in Paris later this year, called by many as ‘window of opportunity still cracked open for the world to take action’.
Reading through Pope Francis’s 246-paragraphs of ‘encyclical’, issued three months before the United Nations General Assembly meeting to agree on the post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and six months ahead of the defining gathering of Head of the States meeting on climate in Paris (COP2), is unusual. The uniqueness of the document stems not only from Pope’s developing country origin, but from its intended audience- not just 1.2 billion Catholics of the world but almost every one or ‘every child of our Mother Earth’ as encyclical intends. More than that Pope argues very effectively on the points that developing country negotiators have been drumming, without any impact, for last 23 years since Agenda 21 was adopted and United Nations framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was signed. Three years back, in 2012 at Rio+20 meeting the world leaders agreed on the called ‘Future We Want ’. That document provided mandate for all countries to propose the post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The global meeting of the world leaders to agree on these SDGs starts this week at the United Nation Head quarters in New York. These two events would shape the Post-2015 world
In 2014, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released its synthesis report of the fifth assessment by thousands of the scientists around the globe and reviewed by the governments. It delineates science, derives impacts and urges solutions. An Encyclical by Pope staunchly supports the climate science, recalls the faith and dares, mainly developed countries, to take moral responsibility of the state of the world today. In a way, it provides human face to IPCC report and the document Future We Want.
The release of encyclical in June 2015 demonstrates the perfect sense of timing by Vatican. Apart from timing of the release, it’s the unwavering support to the science of the climate change and the way it wraps the reader into the fabric of challenging warps of faith and wefts of morality.
Its uniqueness has one more historical dimension. History of Church amply indicates that the Popes and papal community themselves had been ‘deniers’ of the emerging facts and science in the past mainly to safeguard their interests and power. Those acts have committed historic wrongs that caused huge and long-term damage to the way we deal with the game-changing and faith-shaking emerging science.
More than 350 years back, Catholic Church condemned Galileo Galilee one of the greatest scientists now called as ‘father of modern science’ for publishing conclusive analysis that the Sun and the rest of the cosmos did not orbited the Earth. His views were called as falls and erroneous. Galileo was forced to recant his proposition. That was before the advent of the industrial revolution that triggered the global warming. More recently, 150 years back, after the commencement of the industrial revolution, the Church calling it as atheist view condemned Charles Darwin’s theory of natural selection and evolution.
Church has been responsive of its mistakes and it has apologized for its stand of opposing and denying Galileo’s Copernican astronomical theory. The Vatican has also clarified that there is nothing incompatible between Bible’s theory of theistic evolution and Darwin’s theory of natural selection and evolution. And now, Pope Francis does not fall in trap of putting theistic interpretations above the climate science unraveled by IPCC and even proposes the way forward.
When United Nations is on the verge of finalizing post-2015 road map by convening the world leaders, Pope Francis is fully embracing the principles embedded in Agenda 21. Polluter to pay, precautionary approach and common but differentiated responsibility-CBRD-are steadfastly advocated by him throughout the encyclical.
Pope gives clear and loud clarion call to the world’s rich nations to begin paying their “grave social debt” to the poor and take concrete steps on climate change, “The developed countries ought to help pay this debt by significantly limiting their consumption of non-renewable energy and by assisting poorer countries to support policies and programmes of sustainable development.” Developing countries have been echoing the same since 1992, in the global environmental negotiations. Stating that United Nations talks have failed to achieve the desired goal, he declares that 23 years of summits have produced “regrettably few” advances on efforts to cut carbon emissions and rein in global warming. His hitting statement that flags the arguments of developing country negotiators is, “ The failure of global summits on the environment make it plain that our politics are subject to technology and finance. There are too many special interests, and economic interests easily end up trumping the common good and manipulating information so that their own plans will not be affected.”
He, surprisingly, denounces market mechanisms, hotly favored by the developed countries, like carbon trading and CDM. He calls them a quick and easy solution that do not allow for the radical change demanded by the situation. He unwaveringly exposes the developed countries by calling market mechanisms a ploy that permits maintaining the excessive consumption of some countries and sectors. His appreciation of partnerships, community initiatives and local individuals who are making real difference in wake of flat refusal of the rich nations to assume its responsibilities is fatherly encouraging pat on the back of these groups
Pope’s best defense for the fast growing population in the developing countries comes when he argues that the lifestyle with fast pace of consumption, waste and environmental change has so stretched the planet’s capacity that we are now facing the catastrophes of unprecedented degree. To blame population growth instead of extreme and selective consumerism on the part of some is one way of refusing to face the issues, he proclaims.
It is time that all the developing countries invite Pope Francis to be honorable representative and leading negotiator during the Climate negotiations in December in Paris. It is also time that the leaders of the developed countries seek window of Confession, reconciliation or penance to absolve themselves from mortal and moral sins. That confession window too, is only cracked open. END
By Rajendra Shende, IIT Alumni, Chairman TERRE and former director UNEP