Natural Refrigeration – IIR Ammonia Conference

Importance of natural refrigerants in safeguarding climate system and ensuring the sustainable development. By Rajendra Shende, Head OzonAction Programme, UNEP DTIE Paris. Key note speech at the International Conference by IIR Ammonia refrigeration system, renewal and improvements May 6-8, 2005 Ohrid, Republic of Macedonia . I would like to sincerely thank IIR and particularly Faculty of Mechanical Engineering of University of Sv.Kiril and Metodij of Skopje for inviting me here to deliver, a keynote lecture.  The conference on ‘Ammonia refrigerating Systems, Renewal and Improvement’ is taking place at a very crucial time. It is also taking place at the most appropriate place on the earth- in the city of Ohrid. And there could not have been a better combination of organisers than IIR and Faculty of Mechanical Engineering of Skopje. We are in fact at the heart of Europe in this serene city of Ohrid known for its magical combination of pristine nature and human development. This eternal town’s history...
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HPC-IEA special issue

How to Manage Interlinkages: Two Protocols, One Atmosphere By Rajendra Shende, Chief Energy and OzonAction Unit UNEP DTIE, Paris Atmospheric science is complex and multidisciplinary in character. Its complexity comes from an already vast array of natural interconnectivity and is further aggravated by the extent of human interventions on natural atmospheric processes. To address the adverse impacts of human interventions, we seem to be solving this puzzle by untying each interconnected “knot” as we come across one. However, as we learn more about atmospheric processes, we increasingly recognise that such intricacies require a more active and careful strategy to resolve this issue rather than a “cross  that bridge when it comes” approach. Interconnectivity: Dimension of the issue Interconnectivity between environmental issues is predicted to be one of the most formidable challenges to be faced by human society in the new millennium. Almost 200 Multilateral Environment Agreements (MEAs) already exist and more are under various stages of negotiations....
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